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Как сделать roll-up форму?


Как сделать roll-up форму?





unittestmain;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
  ExtCtrls, StdCtrls, Buttons, ShellAPI;

type
  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
  private
    { Private declarations }
    FOldHeight: Integer;
    procedure WMNCRButtonDown(var Msg: TWMNCRButtonDown);
      message WM_NCRBUTTONDOWN;
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;

var
  Form1: TForm1;

implementation

{$R *.DFM}

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin
  FOldHeight := ClientHeight;
end;

procedure TForm1.WMNCRButtonDown(var Msg: TWMNCRButtonDown);
var
  I: Integer;
begin
  if (Msg.HitTest = HTCAPTION) then
    if (ClientHeight = 0) then
    begin
      I := 0;
      while (I < FOldHeight) do
      begin
        I := I + 40;
        if (I > FOldHeight) then
          I := FOldHeight;
        ClientHeight := I;
        Application.ProcessMessages;
      end;
    end
    else
    begin
      FOldHeight := ClientHeight;
      I := ClientHeight;
      while (I > 0) do
      begin
        I := I - 40;
        if (I < 0) then
          I := 0;
        ClientHeight := I;
        Application.ProcessMessages;
      end;
    end;
end;

end.

First, by way of synopsis, the roll-up/down occurs in response to a WM_NCRBUTTONDOWN message firing off and the WMNCRButtonDown procedure handling the message, telling the window to roll up/down depending upon the height of the client area. WM_NCRBUTTONDOWN fires whenever the right mouse button is clicked in a "non-client" area, such as a border, menu or, for our purposes, the caption bar of a form. (The client area of a window is the area within the border where most of the interesting activity usually occurs. In general, the Windows API restricts application code to drawing only within the client area.)

Delphi encapsulates the WM_NCRBUTTONDOWN in a TWMNCRButtonDown type, which is actually an assignment from a TWMNCHitMessage type that has the following structure:

type
  TWMNCHitMessage = record
    Msg: Cardinal;
    HitTest: Integer;
    XCursor: SmallInt;
    YCursor: SmallInt;
    Result: Longint;
  end;

It's easy to create message wrappers in Delphi to deal with messages that aren't handled by an object by default. Since a right-click on the title bar of a form isn't handled by default, I had to create a wrapper. The procedure procedure WMNCRButtonDown(var Msg : TWMNCRButtonDown); message WM_NCRBUTTONDOWN; is the wrapper I created. All that goes on in the procedure is the following:

In order to make this work, I had to create a variable called FOldHeight and set its value at FormCreate whenever the form was to be rolled up. FOldHeight is used as a place for the form to remember what size it was before it was re-sized to 0. When a form is to be rolled up, FOldHeight is immediately set to the current ClientHeight, which means you can interactively set the form's size, and the function will always return the form's ClientHeight to what it was before you rolled it up.

So what use is this? Well, sometimes I don't want to iconize a window; I just want to get it out of the way so I can see what's underneath. Having the capability to roll a form up to its title bar makes it a lot easier to see underneath a window without iconizing it, then having to Alt-tab back to it. (If you are familiar with the Macintosh platform, the System 7.5 environment offers a very similar facility called a "window shade," and makes a roll-up sound when the shade goes up.)

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