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Как проиграть ноту?


Как проиграть ноту?




This is a simple class that plays a formatted musical string. It is reminiscent of the old GWBASIC days whereby one could play a string of notes via the PC speaker. I know that WAV and MIDI files are available in todays technology, but sometimes one does not need all that overhead. The class is useful for certain types of alarms (specially if the user has his sound card volume muted) or simple "Cell Phone" like jingles. The trick of the matter in Delphi is that the standard DELPHI implementation of BEEP takes no arguments and has only one sound. However the WIN API BEEP() takes two arguments.

ie.

BOOL Beep(
DWORD dwFreq, // sound frequency, in hertz
DWORD dwDuration // sound duration, in milliseconds
);


Parameters

dwFreq

Windows NT:
Specifies the frequency, in hertz, of the sound. This parameter must be in the range 37 through 32,767 (0x25 through 0x7FFF).

Windows 95:
The parameter is ignored.

dwDuration

Windows NT:
Specifies the duration, in milliseconds, of the sound.

Windows 95:
The parameter is ignored.

As can be seen it appears that BEEP() is NOT supported on WIN95, but is OK from there upwards. (I have not tested it on WIN95, but assume you will just get a monotone ???? - anyone for comment)

It is easily called by prefixing the unit
ie. Windows.Beep(Freq,Duration)

The format of the "Music String" is a comma delimited (",<" terminated) string in the following formats. (The string is CASE-INSENSITIVE and [] means optional with defaults).

A..G[+ or -][0..5][/BEATS] and

@[/BEATS]

Where A..G is the Note to be played.
+ or - is optional Sharp or Flat designator respectively. (default is normal NULL)
0..5 is optional Octave range (default = 1)
/BEATS is number of 100ms to hold the note (default = 1)

where @ is a musical pause
/BEATS is the number of beats to pause for (default = 1)

where ,< is the END OF STRING terminator.

Properties:
DefaultOctave : Used if no 0..5 designator specified in format. (System Default = 1)
BetweenNotesPause    : Use to set number MS gap between notes (faster or slower default = 100ms)

Simple Example:

procedure TForm1.Button3Click(Sender: TObject);
var
  Organ: TMusicPlayer;
begin
  Organ := TMusicPlayer.Create;
  Organ.Play('A,C,C+,D/3,C,A,C,A,@,F,D/4,<');
  Organ.Play('A,A3/2,G4,G/3,@/2,D-0/4,<');
  Organ.Free;
end;

Any enhancements or additional ideas welcome. Happy jingeling.

unit Music;
interface

uses Windows, SysUtils;

// ===========================================================================
// Mike Heydon May 2002
// Simple Music Player Class Win98/2000 (Win95 not supported)
// Implements Notes A,A#/Bb,C,C#/Db,D,D#,Eb,E,F,F#/Gb,G,G#/Ab
// Caters for Octaves 0..5
// In Between Note Pause setable.
// Defailt Octave setable.
//
// Based on Frequency Matrix
//
//         Octave0   Octave1   Octave2   Octave3   Octave4   Octave5
// A       55.000    110.000   220.000   440.000   880.000   1760.000
// A#/Bb   58.270    116.541   233.082   466.164   932.328   1864.655
// B       61.735    123.471   246.942   493.883   987.767   1975.533
// C       65.406    130.813   261.626   523.251   1046.502  2093.005
// C#/Db   69.296    138.591   277.183   554.365   1108.731  2217.461
// D       73.416    146.832   293.665   587.330   1174.659  2349.318
// D#/Eb   77.782    155.563   311.127   622.254   1244.508  2489.016
// E       82.407    164.814   329.628   659.255   1318.510  2637.020
// F       87.307    174.614   349.228   698.456   1396.913  2793.826
// F#/Gb   92.499    184.997   369.994   739.989   1479.978  2959.955
// G       97.999    195.998   391.995   783.991   1567.982  3135.963
// G#/Ab   103.826   207.652   415.305   830.609   1661.219  3322.438
//
// @ = Pause
// < = End of Music String Marker
//
// ===========================================================================

type
  TOctaveNumber = 0..5;
  TNoteNumber = -1..11;

  TMusicPlayer = class(TObject)
  private
    Octave,
      FDefaultOctave: TOctaveNumber;
    NoteIdx: TNoteNumber;
    FBetweenNotesPause,
      Duration: integer;
  protected
    function ParseNextNote(var MS: string): boolean;
  public
    constructor Create;
    procedure Play(const MusicString: string);
    property DefaultOctave: TOctaveNumber read FDefaultOctave
      write FDefaultOctave;
    property BetweenNotesPause: integer read FBetweenNotesPause
      write FBetweenNotesPause;
  end;

  // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
implementation

const
  MAXSTRING = 2048; // ASCIIZ String max length

  MHERTZ: array[0..11, 0..5] of integer = // Array of Note MHertz
  ((55, 110, 220, 440, 880, 1760), // A
    (58, 117, 233, 466, 932, 1865), // A+ B-
    (62, 123, 247, 494, 988, 1976), // B
    (65, 131, 262, 523, 1047, 2093), // C
    (69, 139, 277, 554, 1109, 2217), // C+ D-
    (73, 147, 294, 587, 1175, 2349), // D
    (78, 156, 311, 622, 1245, 2489), // D+ E-
    (82, 165, 330, 659, 1319, 2637), // E
    (87, 1745, 349, 698, 1397, 2794), // F
    (92, 185, 370, 740, 1480, 2960), // F+ G-
    (98, 196, 392, 784, 1568, 3136), // G
    (105, 208, 415, 831, 1661, 3322) // G+ A-
    );

  // =======================================
  // Create the object and set defaults
  // =======================================

constructor TMusicPlayer.Create;
begin
  FDefaultOctave := 1;
  FBetweenNotesPause := 100;
end;

// ===========================================================
// Parse the next note and set Octave,NoteIdx and Duration
// ===========================================================

function TMusicPlayer.ParseNextNote(var MS: string): boolean;
var
  NS: string// Note String
  Beats,
    CommaPos: integer;
  Retvar: boolean;
begin
  Retvar := false; // Assume Error Condition
  Beats := 1;
  Duration := 0;
  NoteIdx := 0;
  Octave := FDefaultOctave;
  CommaPos := pos(',', MS);

  if (CommaPos > 0) then
  begin
    NS := trim(copy(MS, 1, CommaPos - 1)); // Next Note info
    MS := copy(MS, CommaPos + 1, MAXSTRING); // Remove note from music string

    if (length(NS) >= 1) and (NS[1] in ['@'..'G']) then
    begin
      Retvar := true; // Valid Note - set return type true

      // Resolve NoteIdx
      NoteIdx := byte(NS[1]) - 65; // Map 'A'..'G' into 0..11 or -1
      NS := copy(NS, 2, MAXSTRING); // Remove the Main Note ID

      // Handle the @ Pause first
      if NoteIdx = -1 then
      begin
        if (length(NS) >= 1) and (NS[1] = '/') then
          Beats := StrToIntDef(copy(NS, 2, MAXSTRING), 1);
        Sleep(100 * Beats);
        Retvar := false; // Nothing to play
        NS := ''; // Stop further processing
      end;

      // Resolve Sharp or Flast
      if (length(NS) >= 1) and (NS[1] in ['+', '-']) then
      begin
        if NS[1] = '+' then // # Sharp
          inc(NoteIdx)
        else if NS[1] = '-' then // b Flat
          dec(NoteIdx);

        if NoteIdx = -1 then
          NoteIdx := 11; // Roll A Flat to G Sharp
        NS := copy(NS, 2, MAXSTRING); // Remove Flat/Sharp ID
      end;

      // Resolve Octave Number - Default := FDefaultOctave
      if (length(NS) >= 1) and (NS[1] in ['0'..'5']) then
      begin
        Octave := byte(NS[1]) - 48; // map '0'..'5' to 0..5 decimal
        NS := copy(NS, 2, MAXSTRING); // Remove Octave Number
      end;

      // Resolve Number of Beats - Default = 1
      if (length(NS) >= 1) and (NS[1] = '/') then
        Beats := StrToIntDef(copy(NS, 2, MAXSTRING), 1);

      Duration := 100 * Beats;
    end;
  end
  else
    MS := ''; // Signal end of music string

  Result := Retvar;
end;

// ===================================
// Play the passed music string
// ===================================

procedure TMusicPlayer.Play(const MusicString: string);
var
  MS: string// Music String
begin
  MS := trim(UpperCase(MusicString));

  while (MS <> '') do
  begin
    if ParseNextNote(MS) then
    begin
      Windows.Beep(MHERTZ[NoteIdx, Octave], Duration);
      Sleep(FBetweenNotesPause);
    end;
  end;
end;

end.

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